The Glorious Revolution of 1688 permanently established Britain as a constitutional monarchy and destroyed forever the concept that any English monarch ruled by Divine Right.
William of Orange and his wife Mary were offered the throne by a group of influential English diplomats after a number of disputes with James II. When James and his family fled to France, Parliament issued a decree that the throne was vacant and issued an invitation to Mary (James' child by a previous marriage) and her husband William to occupy the throne. As a condition of their acceptance, they were obligated to sign the English Bill of Rights which substantially limited the power of the monarch and established Parliament as the supreme authority in the land. The Bill of Rights denied the monarch the right to suspend or dissolve Parliament; stated that Judges would serve "during good behavior" rather than at the pleasure of the monarch; and further stated that all English monarchs must be Protestant.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688 thus forever ended direct rule by the monarch in Britain.