How did George Kennan's "Long Telegram" and Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech help to shape US foreign policy during the Cold War?

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Both George Kennan’s “Long Telegram” and Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech were influential in shaping US foreign policy at the dawn of the Cold War. As senior American diplomat in Moscow and a legitimate expert on Russia and the Soviet Union, Kennan’s cable to the secretary of state provided an informative and persuasive picture of the nature of the Soviet regime and the challenges that regime would present in the years to come. Kennan’s analysis noted the distinction between the Soviet regime and the Russian people, with the latter congenial and peaceful and the former determined to expand its influence at the expense of the Western nations, the relationships among which would be ceaselessly targeted for subversion. As the father of the strategy of containment that would define US foreign policy for many years, Kennan’s emphasis on the expansive and determined nature of Soviet foreign policy in the post-war era set the tone for an official policy predicated...

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