There are basically two geographical features of Greece that had a profound effect on how Greeks lived. The important geographical factors on the social and political development of Greece are the seas and mountains. The Greeks were forced to adapt these characteristics in specific ways.
Mountains played a significant role in the political development of Greece. The mountains also worked as barriers to separate different areas. This created regionalism, meaning different cities developed separately of one another. This meant different social structures, government systems, and military strategies. The polis would become the dominant political structure in Ancient Greece. In this way, city-states grew autonomously and developed their own identities. This would explain the marked contrast between the city-states of Sparta and Athens.
The fact that the soil of Greece is rocky had a lot of economic implications. It limited the population because agricultural output was so low. It also...
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