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The early Chinese civilization centered almost entirely around the Yellow River valley as it was a fertile region conveniently accessed by travel on the river and without many geographical barriers. Because of this, it quickly grew and expanded until it filled most of the valley and developed a strong civilization. Along with this valley, the eastern regions of China were able to develop stronger, more permanent civilizations thanks to fertile farmland, unlike more nomadic civilizations to the West in areas that were more arid and difficult to survive in.
The Han people coagulated into a distinct group in what is often referred to as the Chinese Plain, an area of eastern China that included the Yellow River Delta. The agrarian economy was bolstered by internal and then external trade as they expanded their ship-building capacity. Their interactions with the more nomadic cultures to the West helped to build strong trade routes that allowed for trade to expand even further.
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