How did the geography affect political and economic development of India?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several geographical factors that have impacted the political and the economic development of India. India has several important geographical features. To the North, the Himalaya Mountains serve as a buffer from invasion. This has helped to create political stability in India, which is good both politically and economically. The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a good area for farming. Most of India’s farming is done in this region.

There also are several important rivers in India. These are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers. These rivers are an important source of transportation in India. These rivers also can aid with farming.

Since India is not landlocked, it is able to have access to other countries enabling India to trade with them. Many poor countries are landlocked and don’t have rivers that enable the transportation of products and people.

India also has several important resources. These include coal, iron ore, oil, and natural gas. These resources have helped India’s economy grow and develop.

There are several geographical features that have impacted India’s political and economic development.

readerofbooks eNotes educator| Certified Educator

This answer can be looked at many different ways, because a countries geography makes a huge difference.

1. The Himalayan mountains in the north of India act as a natural buffer from China. This is important, because China to the North has been a powerful country in history.  The natural break has caused both nations to be separate and free from war.

2. The Ganges river is one of the longest in the world and has been used to cultivate crops. The Ganges is the 7th longest in the world.

3. The Ganges river becomes all the most important, because India is also home to huge stretches of deserts. The Thar is also the 7th largest desert in the world.

4. Another important point is that India is not landlocked. So, it has had good contact with other people groups and developed a fishing industry.

5. India also have some good natural resources - oil, metals and natural gasses.

Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In a recent New York Times writing, India's geographic positioning in Asia was discussed to play a major role in its political reality.  Neighboring nations such as Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka have endured political strife, upheaval, and rebellions.  Such realities pose challenging elements to India, a nation seeking to continue to navigate its economic growth and political stability.  The looming threat of China, a nation where military conflict was present in 1962 and features an icy relationship even today, makes geographic challenges a very real and viable threat.  Add this to the conflict raging in the Jammu- Kashmir region in the North of India, and there seems to be much in the way of concern that is brought on by its geographic location.