There were some similarities, but few. Both sides agreed that the United States should not be true allies of European foreign powers, i.e. neither side believed that the United States military should be involved in the massive wars going on in Europe at the time. However, that is where the...
There were some similarities, but few. Both sides agreed that the United States should not be true allies of European foreign powers, i.e. neither side believed that the United States military should be involved in the massive wars going on in Europe at the time. However, that is where the similarities ended.
The Federalists under Hamilton and Adams believed that the United States should favor Britain in terms of trade and diplomacy. The United States had closer economic ties with Britain. The Federalists protested the War of 1812 to the point of nearly driving the Northeast out of the Union in the Hartford Convention; this would ultimately prove to be the undoing of the Federalist party. The Federalists believed in a strong national army as this would be the only way to keep the nation's borders safe.
The Democratic-Republicans favored France in diplomacy. They backed French ideals of republicanism, though many Democratic-Republicans were against the Reign of Terror and ensuing rule of Napoleon. The Democratic-Republicans viewed British impressment as the same as a declaration of war. They also viewed a large army as being a weapon of a future despot so they desired to use small militias. The Democratic-Republicans under Jefferson and Madison cut the size of the army and navy. Madison's government then went to war in the War of 1812 in order to preserve American shipping rights as well as gain Canada. The war was a failure on the latter goal but was successful in that Britain no longer impressed American sailors. The Napoleonic Wars ended around the time of the War of 1812, so the change in British policy was more due to the defeat of France rather than American successes.
Both sides were in favor of the defeat of the Barbary Pirates, but it took Jefferson's government to take action against them as he saw military action as ultimately being cheaper than paying bribes year after year to the pirates.