People of all races fought for equality during this time period. Not only did they risk their standing in their communities, but they risked their lives as well.
"The Movement" consisted of many people and groups including African Americans, college students, and religious groups. They organized marches, sits ins, and freedom rides all with the intentions of bringing awareness to the fact that equality was not a reality in the US.
The events that happened during this time period brought awareness out in to the open. Thanks to people like Martin Luther King who advocated for peacefulness and non-violence, blacks were able to achieve equal rights.
There was an overwhelming drive for social justice throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Some of the events that triggered this was books published, ideas being shared, and moments that captured the collective consciousness of how individuals saw themselves, one another, and their socio- political orders. The notions of providing voice to those who lacked it became a driving force as the 1950s ended and the 1960s began. In the end, it was through the collective efforts of individuals in different parts of the country that helped to bring social justice and equal rights to those who needed them. The convergence of these events with individual and social forms of consciousness helped to provide a vision of what can be from what is.
During the 1950s and early 1960s, the African American community (along with sympathetic people of other races) fought to gain rights for itself. It was ultimately successful, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 gave it the rights it was looking for.
There were other groups that benefitted from the black rights movement. Among these were women, Hispanics, the elderly, handicapped and gays. All of these have gained to some degree from the Civil Rights Movement. They have all learned tactics from that movement -- they learned how to push for their goals. They have also been helped by the fact that the civil rights movement made people much more aware of the way that rights can be taken away. This helped people become more sympathetic to demands for rights from some groups.