How did the Enlightenment affect the lives of ordinary people?

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The Enlightenment affected everyday people primarily through religious skepticism and democratic revolution, all influenced by the underlying shift to a human dependency on reason as opposed to the previously understood natural law.

In Thomas Aquinas's Scholasticism, he postulates that reason is not merely a scientific endeavor, but something that could be applied to Christianity and human understanding of God. This concept led to disrupting a divine right to rule that was used to subordinate "ordinary" people during and before the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Religious skepticism rose with this notion of reason through several Protestant movements that established themselves as opposed to the Catholic Church. For ordinary people, this skepticism initially manifested through turmoil and war (the Thirty Years' War), but eventually, it encouraged an overall religious tolerance and the separation of church and state.

Democracy also re-emerged during this time period through the...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 560 words.)

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