The renaissance also changed Western society in that the renaissance was a huge step in learning and confidence. Let me explain. We can say that all of Europe before the renaissance lived under the shadow of the glories of the classical world: People were still being educated under concepts of the Romans and Greeks and their achievement in all fields of knowledge. However, something happened during the renaissance. People began to feel that they could exceed the glories of the past and that they could achieve greatness once again.
This confidence cannot be underestimated. This set Europe on a track to achieve great things in education, arts, science, architecture, and many other fields. They were able to bypass, in this way, the medieval frame of mind and way of doing things. Innovation returned and some of the great achievement of the Western World was due to the the renaissance.
It seems to me that education in the Renaissance tended to tone down people's aggressive and libidinal strivings. By this I mean that education tended to inhibit these strivings and thus helped to create more stable, certainly more homogenous, upper and middle classes. Education in the Renaissance was designed to fashion a humanistically educated nobleman or a fully rounded court courtier; in either case, education called for an inhibited, self-controlled member of a larger society. This person--appearing either as humanist or courtier--thus steps forward in the Renaissance.