How did Doodle die in "The Scarlet Ibis"?

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Doodle died when his brother pushed him too far physically.

When the narrator’s little brother is born, he is very disappointed.  He wanted a brother who could run and jump and be normal, but Doodle is so weak and crippled that everyone is sure he is going to die.  He...

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Doodle died when his brother pushed him too far physically.

When the narrator’s little brother is born, he is very disappointed.  He wanted a brother who could run and jump and be normal, but Doodle is so weak and crippled that everyone is sure he is going to die.  He doesn’t die, but he is slow to mature.

The narrator does his best to make his brother normal.  He teaches him to walk when he is five years old, because he is embarrassed to have a brother who does not walk.  By his sixth birthday, Doodle is walking.

It seemed so hopeless from the beginning that it's a miracle I didn't give up. But all of us must have something or someone to be proud of, and Doodle had become mine. I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death.

The same thing happens when Doodle’s brother decides that he wants to run and play with his brother.  He thinks that he needs to do the same thing, and teach his brother how to run.  When he pushed before, he was successful.  He feels that Doodle will be okay.

Unfortunately, Doodle’s brother pushes too hard this time.  Doodle tries to do what his brother wants.  He pushes himself as his brother pushes.  Unfortunately, he pushes so hard that his body gives out and he dies.

He didn't answer, so I placed my hand on his forehead and lifted his head. Limply, he fell backwards onto the earth. He had been bleeding from the mouth, and his neck and the front of his shirt were stained a brilliant red.

Doodle’s brother does not intend to kill him, of course.  He was trying to help him in his own way.  His comment about pride was reflective of this incident.  He wanted so badly to make his brother normal that he pushed him beyond the limits.

 

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Doodle is born physically challenged. At first the family, except for Aunt Nicey, is certain he will die. They are so certain that they have a coffin built. Amazingly, he survives and becomes the constant companion of his older brother. He doesn't learn how to walk until he is five years old and even that is difficult and takes a great deal of strain. Doodle's brother, who acts as the narrator of the story, teaches him to walk and wants the boy to progress into running, swimming and boxing. The brother devises a training regiment for Doodle, who will soon be starting school, so that he will be the equal of other boys. The brother admits he drives Doodle out of pride and doesn't want to be embarrassed by a crippled brother.

The ibis, which is a symbol for Doodle, dies from exertion after traveling a great distance in turbulent weather. Doodle also dies after attempting to keep up with his brother in a driving rainstorm. The brother is twice the age of Doodle and bolts away from him after realizing Doodle's physical training has not yielded the results he expected. In a fit of prideful anger the brother distances himself from Doodle. When his anger fades he goes back to discover Doodle dead under a red night shade bush. Doodle has been bleeding from the mouth which means an internal injury. Obviously the strain of chasing his brother caused a fatal event in the already weak and fragile body of the boy. 

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