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What were the most important consequences of the Atlantic slave trade?

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While the impact of the transatlantic slave trade is too great to fully expound upon in one response, the most important consequence is the effect of this egregious practice on human lives. Between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, 12.5 million people were kidnapped and shipped from Africa to the New World. Only 10.7 million people survived the journey, which indicates that 1.8 million lives were senselessly extinguished with absolutely no benefit to slave traders. On the trip overseas, victims were subject to terrible conditions aboard crowded ships, as well as forced labor coupled with squalid living conditions once in the Americas. In addition to these immediate effects, cultural and familial traditions were extinguished, health conditions were poor, and the infant mortality rate among slaves was high. Families were regularly broken up, and acts of rape and sexual abuse were common and condoned.

Despite the abolition of slavery in the United States in 1865, descendants of...

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