How did the development of agriculture bring change to human society?

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reidalot eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The development of agriculture is responsible for the shift from a nomadic lifestyle to one of settlements that later became urban environments. As well, this development has had a significant effect on human society. As agriculture changed from the natural environment, such as picking wild berries, to that of tilled fields and pastures, growing crops became a selective process. Farming procedures allowed for a greater variety of crops that were healthier and more diverse. For example, many different types of potatoes, tomatoes, and grains now exist through selective farming. As well, rotating crops allowed for better disease control as well as fields that could be reused. Production of food allowed for the shift from gathering to growing.

As far as animal husbandry, the rise in agricultural knowledge has also led to diversity in many different varieties of cows, pigs and fowl. Disease can be controlled and selective breeding has had significant impact on food production. As animals became domesticated, they became protected from predators and were also available as a food source during difficult times, so hunting did not have to remain a way of life. As agriculture has evolved, so has society, and it continues to do so today.

mrkirschner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Agricultural Revolution, which coincided with the climate change at the conclusion of the last ice age, had a dramatic impact on humanity. Farming allowed humans to form permanent settlements and abandon their nomadic ways.  Humans shifted from hunting and gathering models to fixed farming villages.  As populations increased due to the increased surplus of food, urban areas surfaced.  The surplus of food also led to developments that spawned civilization.  As an example, the increased populations and surplus of food required governments to organize the surplus and protect property.  It is also thought that religions became more sophisticated.  The surplus of food also led to the development of social classes.  Trade and a merchant class were born due to farming.  Since all people were not needed for food acquisition in farming civilizations, specialized and artistic jobs or professions were developed.  Two negative results of the Agricultural Revolution were warfare and increase in disease.

mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The development of agriculture brought a change in human society. One change was that people began to live in permanent settlements. Society moved from one being based on hunting and gathering, to one being based on farming. People no longer had to live a nomadic lifestyle.

As more people farmed, there was a surplus of food. This allowed various changes to occur. Cities and villages began to develop as people settled in one place. Since everybody didn’t have to farm, people began to do different jobs and worked in different professions such as trading, engineering, medicine, legal, accounting, law enforcement, and the military. This also led to the development of social classes. New tools were invented to help with the farming. For example, these tools helped to till the soil and plow the fields. People also no longer needed to kill animals just for getting food. They could develop products from the hides of the animals. These products included bedding, clothes, and tents. People no longer needed to consume food immediately. They were able to store and to save food for future use.

The development of agriculture impacted human society.