Secession and Civil War Questions and Answers

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How did the debate over federalism contribute to the Civil War?

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The debate over federalism did not contribute to the Civil War, it was the cause of the Civil War. Sectional differences between the north and south had existed long before the Civil War however, when Missouri territory applied for statehood the Congressional balance of power was threatened. In 1820 there were eleven free states and eleven slave states, Congress was at an impass as to the fate of Missouri...should it be free or slave??? Obviously if the balance of power was disrupted one side would be at a disadvantage. In addition, southern state governments argued that the 10th Amendment guaranteed the property rights of slaveowners since the Constitution possessed no authority over what kind of property could be owned. On the other hand, there were those who argued that Article VI of the Constitution had bearing upon the situation. If slavery were abolished on the federal level the state governments would have to submit.  By 1860 communication between the north and south had...

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