The city of Meroe was the name of an ancient city located on the Nile River. The city served as the capital city of the Kingdom of Kush for several centuries. The city's flourishing metal industry added to the wealth of the culture.
Though it evolved from Egyptian heiroglpys, the Meroitic alphabet replaced the widely used Egyptian script sometime around 200 B.C.
The Merotic culture worshiped Egyptian gods including Amun, Horus, and Isis, but they also introduced their own deities to the region including Apedemak, a Nubian warrior god with the head of a lion.
After the Roman conquest of Egypt, Meroe clashed with the new Empire over Egyptian land, and Meroe appears to have been more successful, benefitting from the settlements it sacked near Aswan.