The Constitution strengthened the national government by giving the national government specific powers. With the Constitution, Congress now had the power to tax and to regulate interstate commerce. This at once made the United States responsible for the debts incurred both before and during the American Revolution.
The Constitution also created the executive and judicial branches of government. The president would serve as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and he would have veto power over laws passed by Congress. He would also be responsible for enforcing those laws. The judicial branch would be responsible for interpreting the laws, though no one was sure what role the judiciary would play until Marbury v. Madison.
The Constitution also provided a means for representation in Congress. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state was allocated one vote. This meant that someone living in Rhode Island had a greater voice in government than someone in Virginia. Under the Great...
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