Communism got its start in Russia following a revolution in February 1917 that ended the rule of the czar (emperor) over his poor leadership in World War I as well as earlier wars. The original founder of the Russian Communist party, Vladimir Lenin, was in exile in Switzerland and ended up returning to lead a second revolution against the newly set up Democratic forces. This would install his radical Bolshevik party as leaders of a Communist Russia. To cement their power, he organized Russia’s withdrawal from World War I with the Treaty of Brest-Livotsk.
While Lenin had studied the work of the inventors of socialism Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, he believed that a more radical version was necessary for Russia due to its differences from the West and the nature of its people, especially the surprising devotion to the czar’s leadership, which often seems to not care about the difficulty of their lives. Communism was advocated to this end, with state control of the means of production and the use of elected officials (commissars) to spread the virtue of their methods of governing.