The Cold War Questions and Answers

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How did the Cold War affect the rest of the world?

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The Cold War was characterized primarily by the nuclear stand-off between the two reigning superpowers of the time, the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union. While the presence in the arsenals of both countries of large-scale nuclear forces targeting each other's homeland helped to keep a lid on the confrontation in Europe, the less-developed regions of the world, or "Third World," became the more active scene of ongoing conflicts by proxies of both superpowers.  Across Africa, Latin America and Asia, guerrilla insurgencies and terrorist groups supported by the Soviet Union and its closest allies, namely East Germany and Czechoslovakia, waged war against pro-U.S. governments, while the United States supported anti-communist insurgencies in places like Nicaragua, Angola and Albania (the...

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