How did the Cold War affect higher education?  

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The Cold War affected higher education in that more GI's who were drafted were eligible for the GI Bill after they completed their term of service. This created a steady stream of veterans into the university system and helped to make college more affordable for more Americans. Also, the Vietnam War led to more upper-class students going to school and staying there in the hopes of getting student deferments to avoid going to Vietnam.

The Cold War led to more visible ROTC programs for universities, as it was assumed that the universities would create the United States' officer class. This sometimes led to tension within the ranks. Universities began to clamp down on any academia which was deemed "leftist," and many conservatives saw the university system as a hotbed of leftist thought. The Cold War also led to more students studying science and math in the hopes of leading the...

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