How did the British victory in the French and Indian war lead to the American Revolution?
According to Howard Zinn, in The People's History of the United States, once the British had won the French and Indian war, the American colonists no longer had need of Britain to protect them. The French had been decisively defeated. The British, feeling the need to impose new taxes and tariffs to offset the very high costs of the war, became nothing but an encumbrance to the Americans.
When the American colonists resisted paying the taxes the British imposed and began to boycott British goods in retaliation against the new forms of taxation, the British sent over troops to enforce their will. This led to more animosity, and the Americans began to arm themselves. Eventually, tensions boiled over and led the Americans to declare themselves an independent nation. The British were unwilling to let the colonies go, and so a war followed.
The British victory in the French and Indian War (7 Years War) lead to the American Revolution for several reasons. Once the British were able to oust the French out of the contested Ohio River Valley, it sent a message to the powers around the World that the British were a power not to be reckoned with when it came to fighting their army. However, it also put a large constraint on the American colonists to expand Westward due to the massive amount of debt that the British accrued in an attempt to bank role a war against another World Power with a massive army such as France's. As a result, the Proclamation Line of 1763 was established to confine any westward expansion beyond the Appalachian mountains to justify the fact that the British army could not protect its citizenry. When in reality the British Parliament wanted to confine its taxpayers to a manageable area to collect from in order to pay back its war debts. This alone by the colonists was perceived as a strangulation in English rights and caused much qualms among the people. There were several attempts in retaliation to such unjust taxes like the Boston Tea Party, and the forming of the Stamp Act Congress etc...the whole issue of continued taxation sparked a lot of discourse in the colonies and heightened the ideal of "Taxation without Representation."
The colonists were also increasingly frustrated with the amount of troop presence in the Colonies as a result of King George refusing to remove his army due to the growing animosity towards his decisions to negate the policy of salutary neglect amongst the colonies and appointing more individuals among the aristocracy to run the colonies. The colonists knew that there concept representative government was disappearing especially with these taxes and duties imposed on them without a formal say in their representative governments amongst the colonies. The colonists knew at some point revolution was the only way to be heard because they were not afforded the same rights as an Englishmen in the motherland, after the French and Indian war the colonies were only seen as a profit producer to suffice mercantilism and pay down its war debts.