The French and Indian War (The Seven Years' War)

Start Free Trial

How did the British try to strengthen their control over the colonies after the French and Indian War, and how did the colonists respond?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The end of the French and Indian War (and the broader Seven Years' War of which it was a part) brought Great Britain to the forefront of the world's imperial powers. In North America, the Crown gained all of North America east of the Mississippi River, including Canada. Because of this change, and because the war had been astronomically expensive, the British sought to take a more active role in regulating their colonies, especially in raising revenue from them.

The first real example of this imperial reform was the Proclamation of 1763. This banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of this measure was to avert conflict with Native peoples, especially in the Ohio Valley, and to avoid the cost of maintaining garrisons at forts in the trans-Appalachian West.

Another measure was the Sugar Act, passed in 1764. This law was intended to more tightly regulate the sugar trade, which had been the subject of rampant smuggling. It was later replaced by subsequent...

(The entire section contains 5 answers and 994 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team