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How did "boundaries of American freedom" grow narrower during the 1890s?

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Frederick Jackson Turner proclaimed the "end of the frontier" in the 1890s. While land was still quite cheap, there was less unclaimed land in the territories. Railroads, telephones, and telegraphs were linking the nation in ways never seen before, so it was harder for someone to move West and "disappear."

Plessy v. Ferguson made segregation legal as the court ruled in favor of "separate but equal" facilities; however, segregation had long been a custom in many parts of the South. The Supreme Court's ruling only legalized something that had existed for generations. This denied many African Americans opportunities, and the only jobs available to them were often in manual labor.

Workers felt constricted with the 1893 Depression. This would be one of the greatest economic disasters in history before the Great Depression. Workers were laid off in droves and many had their hours cut. Without the secret ballot, many workers were intimidated into backing gold-standard bearer William McKinley...

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