Barbados Slave Code
How did the Barbados slave code impact the Americas?
The Barbados slave code, which was instituted in 1661, was the first officially codified slave code in either the British American colonies or the West Indies. It essentially legally defined slaves as chattels for legal purposes. The implications of this were severe, as it allowed white masters to whip, mutilate, and even, under certain circumstances, kill their slaves without fear of punishment. The significance of the code was that many of the American colonies adopted similar slave codes within a few years. The best example of this was the new colony of Carolina, described by historian Peter Wood as a "colony of a colony" because its initial settlers were largely from Barbados, which was experiencing a major land shortage. While the sugar-based Barbadian plantation system was not capable of being replicated in the Carolina low country, slaves were put to other uses, including ranching, timber production, and eventually rice cultivation. In any case, the slave codes that were adopted in what would eventually become South Carolina were very similar to those in Barbados. In short, Barbados set a precedent for legal chattel slavery, many aspects of which were, at least in theory, antithetical to English common law. Virginia followed the Barbados law with a law attaching children born to a slave mother to slavery in 1662.
The Barbados slave code impacted the Americas. The British developed the Barbados slave code in 1661. This code basically made it legal for the British to have slaves in Barbados. The slave owners had to provide clothing for the slaves, but they were free to do anything they wanted with their slaves. The slaves had no rights under the Barbados slave code.
The Barbados slave code was used as a model by many of the British colonies in North America. Because of the fertile soil and the mild climate in the South, farming was done in these colonies. Slaves were used on these farms. Slaves were also found in colonies in other regions of the British colonies. These colonies developed laws that made slavery legal. In 1696, South Carolina adopted the Barbados slave code, and other states develop laws based on this slave code.
The Barbados slave code impacted slavery in the Americas.