One very important change America experienced after World War I was in the presidency. President Woodrow Wilson, the last president of the progressive era, ended his presidency in failure. He tried repeatedly to get the United States to join the League of Nations; he failed and his efforts to reach that goal led to his physical collapse. Warren G.
Harding, Wilson's successor in the White House, was different from Wilson in all respects. In his campaign for the presidency, Harding promised a "return to normalcy." After his electoral triumph, he sought to undo the achievements of the progressive movement. For instance, he lowered taxes on affluent Americans. Harding served for only two years before dying in office, but his brief tenure marked a complete break from previous domestic and foreign policies.
Households changed in the 1920s as modern conveniences and entertainment became widely available. The washing machine, flush toilet, and electricity became much more common. Heads of household received large raises during this decade, so their families could enjoy many of the new products on the market. Families gathered around the radio to listen to newscasts or sporting events. Calvin Coolidge, Harding's successor, became the first president to speak to the nation on the radio.
Automobiles changed the culture of the country. Americans could commute to work or drive to one of the new movie cinemas. The Model T became affordable for middle-class Americans.
Airplanes had been used extensively in World War I, and their use accelerated after it ended. Airports were built. Finally, Charles Lindbergh electrified the nation when he flew non-stop to Paris from New York.