African History

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How did African countries reach independence? Differences, please!

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In eastern and western Africa, countries gained independence after coming to an agreement with the colonial powers. For example, Kenya gained her independence in 1963, after the British agreed to let the Kenyans govern themselves following pleas from local politicians.

Uganda gained her independence in 1962, after the British had allowed the first-ever democratic elections in 1960. The British monitored the politics of the country before leaving the Ugandans to rule themselves two years later, under the leadership of Benedicto Kiwanuka.

The exception is Ethiopia, which is believed to have never been colonized (despite being under the control of the Italians in the 1930s). When...

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Skilled speakers such as Kwame Nkrumah in the Gold Coast, Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya, and Léopold Senghor in Sengal led independence movements in their countries. Such political pressure was enough to win independece in the British colonies that became Nigeria and Ghana, and in France's many Western African colonies.

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