How did African Americans contribute to the cultural and social scene in Chicago in 1910?  

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There was an increasing exodus of Black people leaving the South in the years leading up to 1910, and by that year, Chicago's Black population increased to 40,000; this number represented an increase of about 10,000 Black Chicago residents in a decade.

Greatly due to racial discrimination, Black leaders began...

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There was an increasing exodus of Black people leaving the South in the years leading up to 1910, and by that year, Chicago's Black population increased to 40,000; this number represented an increase of about 10,000 Black Chicago residents in a decade.

Greatly due to racial discrimination, Black leaders began forming independent institutions for the betterment of the Black community in Chicago. The beginnings of the Provident Hospital, the Wabash Avenue YMCA, The Chicago Defender and other Black newspapers, and several branches of the NAACP were organized around this time. The Chicago Defender used its platform to encourage other Black people to escape injustice in the South by moving to Chicago and capitalizing on the numerous jobs available there. Over the next decade, an additional 50,000 Black people made Chicago their home.

A Black composer who became known as the "Father of Gospel Music," Thomas A. Dorsey, moved to Chicago around this time. Gospel music became a central part of Chicago's culture and is still celebrated there today. In 1911, Rube Foster founded the Chicago American Giants baseball team and later also founded the Negro National League, since Black Americans were not allowed to play in the MLB. These players competed in the former White Sox stadium and are still honored by the White Sox today.

Because they continued to face discrimination even in the North, Black people often financed and built their own structures between the State and 35th streets. This led to a growing Black culture that eventually became known as the "Black Metropolis" and stood as a testament of Black achievement, gaining fame nationwide by the early 1920s. Several buildings constructed by the Black populace during this era were designated Chicago Landmarks in 1997.

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