The Tamil language is a classical, ancient, Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Tamil. It is the language of over sixty-six million people, not only in Tamil but also in Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. In order for it to be considered an ancient language in India it has to have independent traditions, there has to be a large number of literary works written in the language, and it must have originated in ancient times, which for Tamil was between the 1st and 5th centuries BCE.
When reading about the language there are disparities as to whether it has remained the same over time or whether it has undergone major changes. It is characterized by its distinctive rolling vowel sounds, with the position of the subject and the verb being flexible in sentence structure.