How could Napoleon still be affecting international diplomacy in the late 1800s?

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I agree that Britain's defeat of France strengthened it as a world power. In addition, Napoleon influenced international diplomacy by pushing ahead for wars in order to gain power for himself. He set France back by doing so because he did not contribute to the actual stability or growth of the nation of France.
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The defeat of Napoleon helped Britain become an even more powerful nation (and empire) than it had been already.  The British would not have been nearly as influential in the second half of the nineteenth century if Napoleon had not been defeated. The defeat of Napoleon also encouraged the rise of German power.

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It was not so much Napoleon himself as the events and forces he unleashed during his time in attempting to conquer Europe. Following the final defeat of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna had attempted to restore as much of the Ancien Regime as possible. This could not be done, however, because of changes in political thought occasioned by Napoleon's invasions. Chief among these was the birth of nationalism. It was largely the result of the threat posed by Napoleon that led the people of Europe to see themselves as members of a particular culture which should be geographically defined. This birth of Nationalism resulted in the collapse of the old Austrian Empire, the brief appearance of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and ultimately the series of alliances which led to World War I. It was also the appeal of nationalism which enabled Otto von Bismarck to unite Germany under Prussian leadership and also alienate France from Germany, a major implication for both World Wars.

The birth of Nationalism led to the birth of new nation states and ultimately a series of alliances intent on preserving the balance of power in Europe. This situation would not have occurred were it not for the havoc which Napoleon had wreaked on Europe.

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