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How do I convert active voice into passive voice? (I) Who will be the umpire in tomorrow's match? (ii) The restaurant will close by then.

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A sentence written in passive voice uses the action as a noun and the subject as a prepositional phrase modifying the verb.

A sentence written in active voice follows standard English syntax, with a clear subject who performs the verb(s).

You can revise passive voice to active voice in a number of ways. You must invert the syntax, often changing words or phrases to make grammatical sense. To convert active voice to passive voice, the easiest method is to use a form of “to be” + a participal so that the subject no longer performs the verb.

I have listed some alternative revisions below:

i) Tomorrow’s match will be umpired by whom?

ii) The restaurant will be closed by then.

You should notice that these revised sentences separate the subject and verb.

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(i) The umpire will be who in tomorrow's match?

(ii) By then, the restaurant will be closed. OR They will have closed the restaurant by then.

In passive sentences the subject is no longer acting, but rather is acted upon.  The subject/verb relationship changes.  Active sentences are generally more concise and easier to understand than passive sentences.  The passive voice may be used when the author wants to emphasize the action in a sentence or when the subject performing the action is unknown or unnecessary.

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