How are conservatives and the socialists portrayed in House of the Spirits? Does Allende suggest that social change is necessary or does she suggest that people are unlikely to change? Or both?
In one sense, Allende portrays conservatives, as represented by Esteban, as being too entrenched in their prejudicial ways of perceiving people that they cannot be inspired to see with a new perspective: they cannot change. Conversely, Allende portrays socialists, as represented by Clara, as seeing the absurdity of the class system of categorizing and confining people.