To most of us in the West, the word “Siberia” makes us think of an area with an arctic climate. We picture Siberia having snow all year round. While it is true that Siberia can be quite cold at some times of year, it is not truly as cold as we imagine. Siberia has a continental climate with major differences between summers and winters. The winters are very cold and rather long, but the summers are rather warm. (Of course, we must realize that Siberia is a huge region and has variations in terms of its climate.)
Siberia does have long winters. Even in October, the mean daily temperature for the largest city in Siberia is only 38 degrees Fahrenheit. It gets much colder and only gets back up to about 38 Fahrenheit in May. The summer months are June, July, and August. This means that warm weather does not last long. However, the daily mean temperatures are above 60 Fahrenheit during those three months.
As for precipitation, the variations across Siberia are immense. The west and the south of the region get a lot of rainfall while other parts do not.
It is hard to characterize Siberia’s climate since it is a huge and diverse region. But we can generally say that it has a continental climate with long, cold winters and warm summers.