Extremely dry air can cause the sensitive lining of a baby’s nose to dry up. The tiny blood vessels inside a dry nose may break and bleed. If your baby’s nose has not been injured but bleeds often, he may have a dry nose. This dryness may also make it easier for a baby to get a cold.
Nasal dryness often worsens during cold winter months, when heating makes the air inside the home particularly dry.
Tips to soothe your baby’s dry nose
If a dry or irritated nose seems to be bothering your baby, try these tips.
Moisten your baby’s nose
You can buy salt water (saline) drops at the drug store. You can also make your own by mixing 1/4 teaspoon of salt into 1/2 cup of warm water. Make fresh drops daily.
Lay your child on his back. Place a rolled towel beneath his shoulders.
Put 2 or 3 saline drops into each nostril. Wait 30 to 60 seconds.
Another way to help to soothe and moisten the inside of a kids nose is with a small amount of petrolatum jelly such as Vaseline, applied to the lining of the dividing wall between nostrils and just inside the nose. Use a small cotton-tipped applicator or your baby finger, but don’t insert them too deeply! Make sure that your hands are washed and that you don’t scratch your baby’s nose with a fingernail.
The humidifier and saline drops work wonders. The saline drops can be a bit stressful for parents and baby, but once you learn to be quick with it, you realize it is worth the temporary discomfort.
The petroleum jelly can work wonders, but it is extremely important to use only the tiniest amount, or it will can actually make the nose more stuffy and can further impede a baby's breathing through his nose.
I would also suggest using a cold air humidifier. This allows cool and moisturized air to fill the room. During winter this is especially helpful given having the heat on dries out the air.