How does Chekhov use farce as a literary device in The Proposal?

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"Farce" refers to a dramatic work that utilizes absurdity as a literary device by placing exaggerated characters in improbable situations. Anton Chekhov's The Proposal is an example of farce because the main characters, Lomov and Natalia, are both absurdly sensitive and so prone to arguing over minor details that Lomov can't manage to accomplish his marriage proposal. The two fail to become engaged because they are too distracted by arguments over land disputes between their families and whose family owns the superior dog. Lomov is so offended by Natalia's claims that he even passes out at one point in the play. The Proposal is a farce because the concept of two people being unable to start their engagement because they are too busy bickering is humorous and absurd, and the characters of Lomov and Natalia are so exaggeratedly sensitive and argumentative.

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