Religious allegories definitely have a presence in Lord of the Flies by William Golding and underscore one of the overriding themes of the novel, man's innate capacity for evil.
The character Simon is at the heart of Golding's allusions to Christianity and comes to represent a Christ-like figure in the novel through his actions and discoveries. Out of all the boys, Simon is the most moral, having the insight to see that the beast on the island is perhaps the boys themselves. During one of their tribal meetings, Simon says this about the beast, "What I mean is...maybe it's only us" (89). Like Christ, Simon offers a message that perhaps could save the boys on the island if only they had heeded his words.
Simon is also the one to face the Lord of the Flies, just as Jesus faced Satan in the wilderness. The Lord of the Flies confirms what Simon feared all along, the evil on the island comes from within the boys themselves. Just as Simon discovers this truth and would share it with the boys, they kill him in a maddening camp-fire dance. Unlike Jesus' sacrifice, Simon's death does not offer salvation to the boys in any way, but his murder confirms the Lord of the Flies' insistence about the evil within the boys. The religious allegories help the reader understand and connect to the boys' downward spiral into evil, deepening the meaning and context of their descent into savagery.
The island can also represent the Garden of Eden. The lord of the flies can represent the Devil.
-For the island, it is pure until man arrives. When they reach the island, Jack says how this island has good weather, good water, and good food. This relates to the Garden of Eden because Adam and Eve Had the freedom to choose from all the fruit trees except one. The were innocent and didn't realize they were naked. Ralph and the boys had the freedom to eat all the fuit trees. The kids have this wonderful interpretation of the island. Simon, however sees that there must be something wrong. The island symbolizes the Garden of Eden to show how there are temptation everywhere such as the fruit, and the meat.
- Lord of the flies in Hevrew means Beelzebub another name for satan. Also, when he says, "You know perfectly well you'll only meet me down there, so don't try to escape," symbolizes that the Satan figure is going to take Simon down there to hell with him. (143)