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A dyslexic person can learn to read and write, but has a harder time doing those things due to a problem with perception. This person as a general rule has an above-average intelligence quotient, but needs to have learning presented in a different format/technique from the usual, non-dyslexic person. The dyslexic person learns best by using spelling/vowel patterns which are repeated several times and then used repeatedly in future lessons. A person who has a good knowlegde of spelling/vowel patterns would be the right person to help the dyslexic person with reading and writing skills.
Dyslexia, also referred to as developmental reading disorder (DRD), is a learning disability in which children have trouble in learning reading and writing skills. Children with dyslexia have problems in analyzing whole words in parts, and combining sounds to form words. This results in problems in reading, spelling, writing, speaking, or listening.
Treatment of dyslexia should focus on solving the specific problem of each child. It may be necessary to modify method of teaching methods and take help of instructor specifically trained to teach dyslexic students. It is important to use teaching methods that develop all the senses, that is, hearing, touching, writing, and speaking. It is necessary to create explain the the association between simple elements of sound with letters or letter groups that represent them, rather than ask then to memorize spelling of whole words.
Students must be encouraged in ways that make them find success in academics and personal relationships. Students should be rewarded also for efforts and not just the results. It can be a great help in building confidence.
Students who struggle with dyslexia need systematic multisensory instruction in a one on one or very small group setting. Neural pathways can be built and strengthened, but it has to start from the beginning with lots of time for practice. Some examples of appropriate reading programs include Orton-Gillingham and Linda Mood-Bell. A tutor who is trained to work with dyslexic students is a definate plus.
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