What are some ways the U.S. can motivate more students to major in engineering and sciences?

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There are three main possible ways to do this.

First, the country can try to ensure that there are plenty of good (and well-paid) jobs for people who major in these areas.  It stands to reason that students will gravitate towards fields in which it is possible to make a...

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There are three main possible ways to do this.

First, the country can try to ensure that there are plenty of good (and well-paid) jobs for people who major in these areas.  It stands to reason that students will gravitate towards fields in which it is possible to make a good living.

Second, the country can try to make it easier to afford to study these subjects.  It can provide more scholarships to people who go into these fields.

Finally, the country can do more to promote good teaching in these areas.  Perhaps it could push for higher pay for science and math teachers who are shown to do a good job of educating their students.  Paying really good salaries to good high school math and science teachers might attract better teachers who can inspire students and help them to succeed in this rather difficult subject area.

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