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How can it be proven that allomorphs are morphologically conditioned? Can you please include examples?

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The best evidence of allomorphs being morphologically conditioned is found in the variant of English language suffixes in plural which exist in the words "children" and "oxen" to cite two examples.

In these cases, the plural form of the word "child", for example changes the root altogether (this is when sounds are realized as allomorphs) by adding the letter "r" to it in order to convert it in plural to children . Therefore, no longer is "child" the root of the word, but "childr" is. This is the evidence of morphological conditioning:...

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