How can poverty affect a child's social development?
The family live in poor living condtions and earn very little money. The house has constant damp problems and has seven people living there. The child is 9 years old.
Poverty does affect a child's social development, especially if it is on- going. If the child is nine years old and has been living in poverty for a long time it is considered chronic poverty.
Unfortunately, poor children are more likely to have emotional or behavioral problems and they sometimes have very young parents. Although 'teen mothers' is a universal problem, it is exacerbated in poor communities as the support structure is itself uneducated and whilst seven people can support each other, they are also a burden on the 'breadwinner' and there is not as much to go around as everything is shared.
School performance often suffers if children cannot attend fully-staffed schools with sufficient resources. . A hungry child cannot be expected to perform well at school. The school may be far away so the child is required to rise early and walk to school. The school resources may not be complete - missing text books and so on are not conducive to effective learning.
There are risk factors associated with the location of homes for poorer families. There may be elements within a community - for example drug takers, alcohol dependent adults and so on which affect the child's social development.
Furthermore, a home with damp problems can bring health problems for the young child and the other members of the household.
Role models for families living in poverty are very important if the child is to rise above his or her circumstances.
A Child's World. 10th Ed.McGraw Hill