Here is a short form version of Muhammad al Jinnah’s attempt to reform the Indian constitution to protect the rights of Muslims in 1929.
- The government should be federal. (This meant there would be a central government and provincial governments, and any powers not given to the central government would belong to the provinces.)
- All provinces will have equal autonomy.
- Minorities must have effective representation in the legislatures and other elected groups in every province.
- At least 1/3 of the central legislature will be Muslim.
- Communities can choose whether to have a separate or joint electorate.
- No territorial changes can be made which affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and the North West Frontier Province (NWFP).
- Full religious liberty – belief, observance, education, etc.
- If ¾ of a community’s representatives in a legislature think a bill would hurt their interests, the bill cannot be passed.
- Sindh should be separated from the Bombay Presidency.
- Implement reforms in NWFP and Baluchistan.
- Muslims should get an adequate share of government services.
- Muslim culture (education, language, religion, charities, etc.) should be protected and get a fair share of government money.
- Both central and provincial cabinets must have at least 1/3 Muslim ministers.
- Changes to the Constitution must be approved by States.
These points were approved by the All India Muslim League, but rejected by India’s Congress party.
this really helped me,thanks
Remmeber the First 8 and the re write by shuffling the other 6 from the remmberd 8