How can jealousy and revenge be described as values in William Shakespeare's Othello?

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Jealousy and revenge can be described as values in William Shakespeare's Othello in terms of their relationship to the ethical systems of the period.

For revenge, one system of values is that of "an eye for an eye". This notion of revenge as justice appears in the earliest Mesopotamian law codes and is typical of heroic epic and some of Greek tragedy as well. Christian and philosophical ethics attempt to move beyond this value of retributive justice.

Jealousy assumes a set of moral values based on the integrity of the family structure and patrilineal descent of power, both things requiring female faithfulness in marriage.

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