One key characteristic of Romantic poetry is the celebration of the imagination. Romantic poetry also often describes the power of the natural world and celebrates the sensual as more vital than the rational. Coleridge's "Kubla Khan" demonstrates all three of these characteristics.
The poem itself, or at least the images within it, came to Coleridge in a fevered dream under the influence of medicated opium. It is thus a product of his imagination in a heightened form. The "stately pleasure-dome" that Kubla Khan decrees is itself a symbol and manifestation of the power of imagination. The dome floats "midway on the waves" and is built "in air." It thus has no solid, tangible foundations, but rather, like the imagination, floats free of constraints.
Coleridge also writes in detail about the power of nature. In the second stanza he describes a "Mighty fountain" which, "with ceaseless turmoil seething," erupts from "that deep romantic chasm." Nature here, in the form of the fountain, is...
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