Explain how verbal, situational, and dramatic irony are expressed throughout "The Necklace."

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Dramatic irony is created when the audience knows more than a character does. Dramatic irony occurs early in this text, with the description of how needlessly miserable Madame Loisel is. She does not realize that she is making a choice to be so unhappy when she might choose to feel grateful for all she has: a loving husband, a nice place to live, money enough for a servant to do the really trying household chores, and so on. Instead, she looks around and sees only flaws. The narrator tells us, though, "All those things, of which another woman of her rank would never even have been conscious, tortured her and made her angry." Madame Loisel is unaware of how shallow and ungrateful she is—facts of which we, the audience, are made quite aware.

Another instance of dramatic irony is created when the Loisels "return" the new necklace to Madame Loisel's friend, Madame Forestier. Madame Forestier does not know that she has been given a real diamond necklace in return for the paste necklace she...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 1012 words.)

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on November 12, 2019
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