How can a child's background affect development?
Children who do not bond with their mothers or another human encounter severe difficulties. Many studies have been done with Russian orphanages. The bonding, which is when mothers or other caregivers hug, kiss, smile, and hold their babies is...
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Both answers discuss very valid points about the disadvantages children have because of negative aspects of their childhood. Both authors fail to mention the educational impact on children. From a financial stand point, children from poverty households do not have the same level of development entering kindergarten as their more affluent counterparts. For example, according to Susan O'Hara in her book "Teaching Vocabulary with Hypermedia, 6-12", children age 3 from poverty households are introduced to half the amount of new words a month as those children who come from professional households. This difference can impact how students do in school and later academic accomplishments.
Also the National Assessment of Educational Progress reports for 2009 show that poverty students in fourth grade score lower on sstandardized tests than students from households with higher incomes.
Across the subjects and across ages, poverty has a negative impact on student achievement. For this reason it is imperative that society works to overcome these differences.