How can a child's background affect development?
Children who do not bond with their mothers or another human encounter severe difficulties. Many studies have been done with Russian orphanages. The bonding, which is when mothers or other caregivers hug, kiss, smile, and hold their babies is crucial to normal development. Children who do not bond in this way during the first three years of life tend to be withdrawn, do not respond well to touch, and often encounter many other social issues. While the research I reviewed states the bonding must occur during years 1-3, I tend to believe the bond must be truly nurtured for the first five. My mother got sick when my brother was four years old, and he truly had many attachment issues, so much so that I researched this topic during college.
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