In Chapter 5 of "Lord of the Flies," how are both Ralph and Jack changing? Why are most of the boys drawn to Jack??

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Susan Woodward eNotes educator| Certified Educator

By chapter 5, the boys' confidence in Ralph's leadership is waning.  They are too busy having fun to worry about practical things like building proper shelters, using proper hygiene, and maintaining a signal fire.  The boys would rather hunt and make up stories about a beast that they fear is on the island.  Jack promises the boys meat instead of fruit to eat for anyone who follows him.  As Ralph tries to maintain his role by trying to reason with the others, Jack's approach is more appealing to the immature boys stranded with no adults to tell them what to do.  Ralph sounds too much like a grown-up to them, so the boys choose to go with Jack instead.  Later on, Jack keeps his "loyalty" from the boys by using fear.  Anyone who goes against him becomes the next target for ridicule or punishment. 

Jack, who was once the leader of the choir at the school, goes from an angelic-voiced cherub in choir robes to a face-painted wild man after his first kill on the island.  Ralph, the elected voice of reason chosen by the boys in the beginning, begins to be viewed as a pain in the neck when he tries to enforce any rules or work ethic.

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Lord of the Flies

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