How do the articles of the Georgia Constitution compare with the articles of the US Constitution?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are some similarities between the U.S. Constitution and the constitution of the state of Georgia. One difference is that the US Constitution didn’t originally include a Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. In Georgia’s constitution, the Bill of Rights is found in Article I of the constitution. Another difference is that the Supreme Court judges in Georgia are elected. In the US Constitution, they are appointed by the President and confirmed by the US Senate. Additionally, state judges are elected, unlike federal judges who also are appointed by the President and confirmed by the US Senate. In Georgia’s constitution, members of the legislative branch are elected to two-year terms. In the US Constitution, members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while US Senators are elected to six-year terms.

Some similarities also exist. Each constitution has three branches of government. The major roles of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches are similar. In both constitutions, the legislative branch is responsible for any impeachment proceedings. Both the state government and the federal government have the authority to tax. The leaders of the executive branch are elected to four-year terms.

There are some similarities and differences between the US Constitution and Georgia’s constitution.

sromero2016 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are many similarities between the Georgia Constitution and the U.S. Constitution. Both provide definitions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the respective governments. However, the differences between the two documents are quite interesting.

The Georgia Constitution begins with a Bill of Rights in Article 1, including the right to due process, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to bear arms. By contrast, the U.S. Constitution does not address those rights in the main body of the document, but instead in amendments to the constitution.

Another difference reflects the fact the federal government has different responsibilities than state governments. For example, the Georgia Constitution includes an article that describes the state's education system, Article XIII. The U.S. Constitution does not include any articles or amendments on education. Similarly, the Georgia Constitution defines counties and municipal corporations, while the U.S. constitution does not provide such definitions.

Finally, the Georgia Constitution addresses voting and elections in Article II. The U.S. Constitution, however, addresses voting rights for citizens only in amendments, such as the Fifteenth Amendment and Nineteenth Amendment, which address voting rights for those of different races and for women, respectively.  

thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Georgia Constitution and the US Constitution are similar in that they both establish a bicameral or two-house legislature, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

In both the US Constitution and the Georgia Constitution, the head of the executive branch serves four-year terms limited to two terms served consecutively.

The US Constitution and the Georgia Constitution compare in that they both require the respective heads of the executive branch of government (president and governor) to be elected by the people.

The Georgia Constitution and the US Constitution are also similar in that they create three branches of government. The three branches include the executive branch, the judicial branch, and the legislature.

Although the US Constitution and Georgia Constitution share some similarities, the two also have some glaring differences. For instance, in the Georgia Constitution, the state judges are elected, while in the US Constitution, the federal judges are appointed by the president.