There are many similarities between the Georgia Constitution and the U.S. Constitution. Both provide definitions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the respective governments. However, the differences between the two documents are quite interesting.
The Georgia Constitution begins with a Bill of Rights in Article 1, including the right to due process, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to bear arms. By contrast, the U.S. Constitution does not address those rights in the main body of the document, but instead in amendments to the constitution.
Another difference reflects the fact the federal government has different responsibilities than state governments. For example, the Georgia Constitution includes an article that describes the state's education system, Article XIII. The U.S. Constitution does not include any articles or amendments on education. Similarly, the Georgia Constitution defines counties and municipal corporations, while the U.S. constitution does not provide such definitions.
Finally, the Georgia Constitution addresses voting and elections in Article II. The U.S. Constitution, however, addresses voting rights for citizens only in amendments, such as the Fifteenth Amendment and Nineteenth Amendment, which address voting rights for those of different races and for women, respectively.