"The Censors" was written by Luisa Valenzuela. Being Argentinian herself, the author deals with life and the political situation in Argentina in her work. Therefore,"The Censors" definitely provides a snapshot of life in Argentina in the 1970s.
Because of the fact that there was government censorship, there was no intellectual freedom or freedom of speech in Argentina at this time. People had to be very careful about what they said and whom they said it to. This explains why the main theme of "The Censors" is mistrust: just as mistrust was very prevalent in Argentinian society at the time, "The Censors" deals with it, too. This is Valenzuela’s way of warning her readers not to trust anybody.
In the story, Juan becomes a censor in order to stop his own letter from being intercepted by the censors. Again, this reflects the reality of life in Argentina at the time, as letters were regularly opened and read by censors working for the government.
The short story “Rip Van Winkle” was written by Washington Irving. It was first published in 1819. This story provides a glimpse into life just before and after the American Revolutionary War. Rip Van Winkle, a Dutch-American, falls asleep and wakes up 20 years later, just after the American Revolution. Through the character of Rip Van Winkle, the reader gets a snapshot of life in America after the revolution. Many of Rip's friends died during the revolution, which is something that would have been very common for people living at that time, too.
Furthermore, upon his return, people are asking Rip how he voted and whether he was a Federal or a Democrat. This is the choice Americans would have had for the very first time during these elections, again providing a glimpse into American life at the time.
The local inn is now a hotel and has been renamed the “Union Hotel.” This is again a reference to life in the newly independent America. The country had liberated itself from British rule and instead became a country of proud, independent Americans.