Nonverbal Communication

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How are nonverbal messages communicated in an online enviornment?

Non-verbal messages are communicated in an online environment by means of the use of emoticons and bolded and italicized text. In order to portray anger, all capital letters can be used.

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Essentially, nonverbal messages can be communicated online in much the same ways that they can offline, depending on the online forum used. Most people think immediately of e-mail and other forms of text, such as online chat, when considering online communication. Even using text, there are many opportunities for non-verbal communication. Punctuation such as exclamation and question marks can convey surprise or concern. Putting words or sentences in bold stresses their importance. Using capital letters communicates anger, or at least a strong desire for emphasis.

Beyond punctuation, people communicating online can use emoticons and emojis. They can also use other pictures, such as the ones in memes, combined with text. One might argue that meaning can be sharpened by these means, since the vast array of pictures which can be found online is not matched by anything in offline communication. The same is true of sounds. A moment of great relief or a momentous discovery could, for instance,...

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