How are mitosis and meiosis different? Are different types of cells involved? What would happen if humans reproduced using mitosis? Would this lead to more diversity in the human population? Why or why not?
Mitosis and meiosis are fundamentally different based on their function in a living organism. Mitosis is the division of somatic cells, and its primary purpose is to facilitate the growth of the organism and to repair damaged tissue. The end result of one round of mitosis (in humans) is the formation of two daughter cells, each of which are diploid (they contain two sets of genetic information). Meiosis differs from mitosis because its role is not growth or repair, but rather cell division for the sake of creating gametes (sex cells). The end result of one round of meiosis (again, in humans) is the formation of four daughter cells, each of which is haploid...
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