How are Antonio's mother and father different from one another in Bless Me, Ultima?
Antonio's mother is a "Luna" and his father is a "Marez". These are family names that also become descriptions of two different backgrounds and ways of life.
Antonio's mother's family, the Lunas, are farmers that use the moon to guide their calendar of planting, harvest, etc. They are quiet and they stay in one place. The family is deeply Catholic, unlike the Marez who are less devotedly religious.
Antonio's father, the Marez family, have a wild streak. They like to wander. They are herders and horsemen and they take their name from the wild sea. Freedom of movement is important to Antonio's father.
The differences between his parents become troubling for Antonio because they both want him to follow their own family's traditions and way of life.
...he finds himself pulled between the legacies of his mother’s family, the Lunas, and his father’s family, the Marez.
However, in the end, after losing his oldest three sons to the wandering ways of the Marez, Antonio's father changes his mind and relents. He says that it is time to settle his differences with Antonio's mother. Antonio will be free to choose a future for himself and his father hopes that it will be a future that keeps him close to home.