How and why is Simon killed in Lord of the Flies? What is the meaning behind Simon's death?  

Simon is murdered by the other boys on the island, because they mistake him for the non-existent "beast." The murder of this innocent "Christ" figure marks a point of no return and the beginning of real savagery on the island.

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Simon is considered an outcast throughout the novel and is symbolic of a Christ-like figure because of his compassion and ability to understand the true identity of the beast. He is the only boy on the island who realizes that the beast is not a tangible being, but actually the inherent wickedness present in each individual. In Chapter 9, Simon discovers that the beast is a dead paratrooper and decides to travel down the mountain to tell the other boys.

While he is climbing down the mountain, Jack and his hunters decided to reenact the killing of the pig and begin their ritual dance. As the group of boys is swept into a frenzy, the sky becomes dark, and a thunderstorm ensues. Ralph and Piggy take part in the exciting ritual as the boys dance in a circle and chant "Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!" (Golding 152). The adrenaline of each member increases to a fever pitch, and they are entirely consumed with terror, energy, and blood-thirst. In the middle of the frenzy, they see a figure emerge from the forest and think it's the beast. The figure emerging from the forest is actually Simon, who they mistake as the beast. They rush towards Simon and begin to beat, rip, tear, and claw him until he is lifeless.

Simon's death represents the complete loss of hope in morality and civility on the island. The boys have committed an atrocious, heinous act by brutally murdering Simon, which is essentially the "point of no return" regarding civility. Simon's death is similar to Christ's in that he is brutally murdered, but Simon dies in vain while Christ died to save humanity.

Simon's death not only represents the destruction of morality on the island but also illustrates the depravity of unrestrained human nature. Golding suggests that humans are inherently wicked and without laws, regulations, and restrictions, we are capable of committing horrendous acts of violence without feeling guilty.

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Simon is killed by the other boys while he is attempting to do them a favor. He has discovered that the entity widely feared to be a beast is in fact a dead paratrooper. He heads down the mountain to tell the other boys, not realizing that the others are in the midst of a sort of ritual dance, so hyped up and frenzied from their hunting activities that all logic has gone out of the window. As Simon emerges from the darkness, his fellow castaways mistake him for the non-existent beast and savagely murder him.

The meaning behind Simon's death relates to the fact that throughout the story, Simon has functioned as a symbolic Christ figure. He is compassionate, having stuck up for Piggy when Jack picked on him. He is a hard worker, always ready to help others. He is a carer, helping the littluns reach food. He also understands the truth that the only "beast" on the island is the evil that exists in the hearts of the boys themselves. The death of this Christ figure signifies the end of goodness and logic on the island. After this point, there can be no semblance of civilization, especially since the other "good" characters, Piggy and Ralph, played an undeniable role in Simon's murder.

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Simon is the only boy who possesses hidden knowledge of the beast and understands that it is not a tangible creature that can be killed. After Ralph, Jack, and Roger confirm its existence, Simon climbs to the top of the mountain, where he sees the corpse of a deceased paratrooper swaying in the wind. Once Simon confirms the truth regarding the beast, he attempts to inform the boys of his significant discovery and climbs down the mountain alone in the middle of a tropical storm.

On the beach, Jack leads his group of hunters in an exciting ritual dance while the sky blackens and a severe storm threatens the island. The primitive dance even intrigues Ralph and Piggy, who participate in the chanting, dancing, and role-playing. Unfortunately, Simon runs onto the beach while the boys are in a wild, uncontrolled state of mind, and they mistake him for the beast. The group of boys quickly surround Simon and proceed to beat him to death.

Following Simon's horrific murder, his lifeless body is peacefully swept out to sea. Simon's death signifies the end of order, rationality, and logic on the island. His death highlights the extent of corruption and lack of civility among the boys. They have descended so far into savagery that there is no semblance of rational thought or sympathy among them.

Simon's death also solidifies the presence of evil on the island and the end of civilization as they know it. Ralph and Piggy's dream of establishing a civil, organized society is ruined and will never be attained. Simon's death also foreshadows Piggy's murder and Jack's plot to kill Ralph. By the end of chapter 9, the island has transformed into a desperate, hostile environment where no one is safe.

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Simon is killed because of Jack and his followers. In chapter 9, Ralph and Piggy check out the big feast that Jack’s faction is hosting. They are celebrating the pig that Jack killed. Jack orders his followers to offer meat to Ralph and Piggy. This is not a magnanimous gesture; it’s odious. It’s meant to show Ralph and Piggy that his ferocious way of operating has triumphed. Ralph and Piggy’s prudent methods have fallen out of favor. They lack the enticing power that Jack’s forceful tactics possess.

At the feast, Ralph tries one more time to gain control of the situation, but he fails. As a storm makes its way to the island, Jack orders the boys to dance. He whips them into such a wild state that, when Simon stumbles onto the scene, the boys mistake him for the mythological beast and kill him.

The meaning behind Simon’s death is manifold. It signifies that Jack and the rest of the boys have lost touch with civilization and its concomitant norms. Simon’s death reveals to Ralph and Piggy that there is no longer any hope of restoring order. In the next chapter, when Piggy suggests that Ralph use the democratic conch to call an assembly, Ralph laughs derisively.

The meaning behind Simon’s death might also foreshadow what happens to Piggy. Simon’s death could serve as a warning that someone else that Jack’s group doesn’t like is liable to die. Of course, that someone turns out to be Piggy.

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